Venezuela Business Opportunities
Venezuela remains highly dependent on oil revenues, which account for roughly 90% of export earnings, more than 50% of the federal budget revenues, and around 30% of GDP.
- Key Industries:
- Petroleum, Construction Materials, Food Processing, Textiles, Iron Ore Mining, Steel, Aluminum, Motor Vehicle Assembly
- Key Imports:
- Raw Materials, Machinery and Equipment, Transport Equipment, Construction Materials, Agricultural Products, Medical Equipment
- Key Exports:
- Petroleum, Bauxite and Aluminum, Steel, Chemicals, Agricultural, Minerals
In 2016, the Country’s leading markets for exports were U.S. 26.6%, China 11.7%, India 13.7% and Cuba 6.4%. Its leading suppliers were U.S. 18.4%, Colombia 5.9%, Brazil 9.7%, China 15.3% and Mexico 4.2%.
Its key trade agreement is the Mercosur pact, which includes Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and Venezuela.
Business and Market Sector Opportunities
Oil and Gas • Information Technology • Retail • Consumer Goods • Agriculture Cattle
Economic Background and Situation
President CHAVEZ in 2007 nationalized firms in the petroleum, communications, and electricity sectors. Voters in December 2007 rejected Chavez’s proposed constitutional changes. Now, President MADURO, CHAVEZ's successor, still has significant control of the economy and has indicated he intends to continue to centralize authority over the economy by implementing "21st Century Socialism”.
Under President MADURO, the Venezuela government response to the widely publicized economic crisis has been to increase state control over the economy, and blame the private sector for shortages. Additionally, the government continues to maintain strict currency controls. The currency controls present significant obstacles to trade with Venezuela because importers cannot obtain sufficient dollars to purchase goods to maintain their operations.